Can DRM in Games Really Protect Against Piracy?

Can DRM in Games Really Protect Against Piracy?

In today’s gaming industry, combating unauthorized copying (piracy) is a paramount concern. Digital Rights Management (DRM) has been utilized as a tool to deter unauthorized copying and protect the interests of game developers. However, the question remains: is DRM truly effective in preventing piracy in games? Join Thudo Multimedia as we delve into this topic in the article below.

The trend of entertaining with games is always popular

What is DRM

Digital Rights Management, commonly known as DRM, is a set of access control technologies employed by the game industry to secure game content. Its primary function is to prevent unauthorized reproduction and distribution of digital media, which includes video games. For game developers and publishers, DRM serves as a frontline defense against piracy, ensuring that only legitimate owners can access and play their games.

Significance in the Game Industry: DRM systems are crucial in safeguarding intellectual property rights, maintaining revenue streams for creators, and supporting the ecosystem that allows for continued innovation and development of new games.

This article delves into the effectiveness of DRM in thwarting piracy efforts within the gaming world. A spotlight is cast on Sigma Multi DRM, a sophisticated system developed by Thudo Multimedia, which has made significant strides in protecting games from unauthorized access.

Understanding DRM in Games

Digital Rights Management, commonly known as DRM, serves as a technological fortress in the video game industry. It is designed to control the use of digital content and devices after a sale.

What is DRM in Games?

In video games, DRM software acts as a gatekeeper to enforce the rules set by game publishers or distributors. It ensures that only legally obtained copies of games are played and often requires some form of authentication from the user.

Why is DRM Important in Games?

The primary objective of incorporating DRM in games is to prevent unauthorized copying and sharing, which can significantly impact revenue streams for developers and publishers. By safeguarding against such activities, DRM helps maintain the value of intellectual property within the gaming ecosystem.

How Does DRM Protect Games?

DRM software performs several functions to secure game content:

  • Validates legal ownership through key activation or account verification
  • Manages access levels, such as single-user or multi-user licenses
  • Monitors usage to detect and deter piracy attempts
DRM in Games Protect Against Piracy

DRM in Games Protect Against Piracy

A notable example within this landscape is Sigma Multi DRM. It brings an additional layer of security that adapts to various platforms and devices, ensuring that games are shielded from illicit distribution without detracting from the genuine player’s experience.

By understanding the role of DRM software like Sigma Multi DRM in today’s game industry, stakeholders can appreciate its significance in maintaining a fair marketplace where creativity and investment are protected.

The Battle Against Piracy: Examining the Current State of Game Copyright Theft

Piracy continues to be a major problem in the digital gaming world. It involves the unauthorized copying and sharing of games, which undermines the rights of the creators. Despite efforts to protect games with DRM (Digital Rights Management), piracy is still a big issue and keeps changing, making it difficult for game developers and publishers to tackle.

1. Prevalence of Piracy

Illegal downloads and counterfeit copies of games are still widespread and pose significant threats. Online platforms that allow sharing of files and peer-to-peer networks make it easy for pirated games to be distributed widely, often within days of their official release.

2. Impact on Revenue Streams

Game developers suffer financially due to piracy. They lose out on sales because people can access their games without paying for them. This directly affects their ability to fund future projects and sustain themselves as developers.

3. Intellectual Property at Risk

Piracy not only hurts revenue but also devalues the creative process itself. Developers lose control over how their work is shared and modified, which can harm their brand image and consumer trust.

The problem of game copyright theft is extensive and complicated, requiring a comprehensive approach to address it effectively. While DRM technology is important in protecting content, it’s just one piece of the puzzle. The industry needs to explore other strategies and understand different types of piracy in order to develop stronger defenses against these infringements.

We need stronger security measures against game copyright theft

Read more: DRM Prevent Unauthorized Access to Digital Content?

Different Types of Piracy in Games

Digital gaming, a realm rich with innovation and creativity, isn’t immune to the shadowy underbelly of piracy. A deeper dive into this issue reveals two primary forms: pirated copies and cracking DRM mechanisms.

1. Pirated Copies

This form of piracy involves unauthorized copies of a game being distributed without the consent of the developers or publishers. Pirated copies are typically offered on various online platforms at a significantly reduced cost or even free, enticing gamers who wish to avoid paying full price. The downside? These versions often lack key features, updates and can even harbor malicious software.

2. Cracking DRM Mechanisms

A more technical and sophisticated form of piracy is cracking DRM mechanisms. In simple terms, ‘cracking’ refers to the process where hackers manipulate game code to bypass the built-in DRM protection. This allows unauthorized access to the game, rendering it freely distributable. It’s a constant game of cat and mouse between these hackers and DRM providers as new security measures are continuously developed to combat evolving cracking techniques.

While these forms of piracy present significant challenges to game creators, understanding them is the first step in combating them effectively. As we delve further into this topic, we’ll scrutinize how DRM solutions like Sigma Multi DRM can play a part in curtailing game piracy.

Effectiveness of DRM in Mitigating Game Piracy

Digital Rights Management (DRM) solutions, such as Sigma Multi DRM, have become an important tool in the gaming industry’s fight against piracy. These solutions play a significant role in addressing the issue.

Protection of Game Copyright

Sigma Multi DRM is designed to safeguard game copyright by using strong security measures that discourage unauthorized access and distribution. It works by verifying a user’s license to play the game, ensuring that only authorized users can get to the content.

Prevention of Game Piracy

By adding an extra layer of security to the game content, Sigma Multi DRM effectively reduces the chances of game piracy. This includes both pirated copies and methods used to bypass DRM, which were discussed earlier.

Seamless Integration and User Experience

This solution carries out its function without affecting the gaming experience. Its smooth integration with different platforms guarantees that while maintaining security, gameplay remains uninterrupted and enjoyable for authorized users.

Active Anti-Piracy Measures

The effectiveness of Sigma Multi DRM goes beyond just discouraging piracy. It actively combats against it by releasing updates and fixes to address any known vulnerabilities, showing a proactive approach in protecting game copyrights.

Future-Proofing Against Piracy Risks

In summary, Sigma Multi DRM not only defends against current threats but also prepares for future ones. This flexible and adaptable approach reflects the ever-changing nature of piracy risks in games, proving its effectiveness in dealing with them.

DRM not only defends against current threats but also prepares for future ones.

Read more: Is your DRM solution really strong enough to fight piracy?

The Future of Game Protection: Innovations Beyond DRM

As the digital world evolves, new methods are being developed to safeguard gaming content. While DRM has been a traditional way to prevent unauthorized use, there are now other options that provide a wider range of protection. These innovations aim to strengthen game security measures while also addressing the limitations of DRM.

Decentralized Verification Systems

Blockchain Technology: Using blockchain to verify game ownership and transactions can distribute the verification process, making it more secure against attacks on central systems.

Player Engagement and Reward Systems

Incentivization Models: Encouraging legal game purchases by offering special in-game rewards or experiences that can only be obtained through legitimate means.

Server-Side Execution

Cloud Gaming Services: Running games on remote servers instead of locally, which reduces the risk of piracy since the game files are never stored on users’ devices.

Machine Learning and AI

AI Monitoring: Using advanced algorithms to identify and respond to unusual distribution patterns or pirated copies circulating online.

Fostering Community Support

Community Initiatives: Creating strong communities around games that prioritize supporting creators and discouraging piracy through peer influence.

These innovations represent a move towards a more flexible and player-focused approach to game protection. They show that the industry understands the importance of balancing security with user experience. By exploring these cutting-edge technologies, we can see that there are many ways to protect intellectual property in gaming.

Thudo Multimedia – The Leading OTT Solution Provider In Vietnam

Over the span of 14 years, Thudo Multimedia has remained at the forefront in Vietnam and beyond, pioneering sophisticated technology solutions for digital content providers and broadcasting and telecommunications enterprises/organizations. Since its inception, we have continuously expanded and innovated, leading the charge in delivering cutting-edge solutions for content suppliers and businesses in the television and telecommunications sectors.

Our profound understanding of the market coupled with our ability to adapt flexibly has not only etched a strong presence in the domestic market but has also extended our reach internationally. Notably, Thudo Multimedia stands as the sole enterprise from Vietnam and Southeast Asia to be certified by Cartesian for our Digital Rights Management (DRM) solutions. This recognition is not just a testament to our excellence in safeguarding digital rights for content creators and distributors but also marks our position as one of the few Asian entities achieving this accolade, contributing to the protection of rights for over 20 enterprises across the globe.

We take pride in delivering true value through advanced services, playing a key role in fostering a sustainable and prosperous digital industry. Thudo Multimedia is committed to continuing its role as a beacon of innovation in the fields of information technology and communications.

Sigma DRM system developed by Thu Do certified by the Cartesian organization to obtain international standards.

Read more: Digital copyright protection solution: Sigma Multi DRM

Sigma Multi DRM – Comprehensive Digital Copyright Protection Solution

Building upon Thudo Multimedia’s robust suite of services, the Sigma Multi DRM stands out with superior features that cater to the demanding needs of content protection. It integrates a comprehensive security solution that encompasses global industry-leading DRM technologies including Microsoft PlayReady, Google’s Widevine, and Apple’s FairPlay.

The deployment of Sigma Multi DRM is seamless and universal, guaranteeing 100% coverage on end-user devices through a flexible and adaptable infrastructure. It pledges to deliver the highest quality content experience to end-users by maintaining rigorous security standards without compromising the viewing experience.

Additionally, Sigma Multi DRM offers a strategic advantage by significantly reducing the cost associated with Content Delivery Network (CDN) expenses. By optimizing the streaming process and content encryption, it not only secures the media content but also minimizes bandwidth usage, thus cutting down the CDN costs. This dual benefit of heightened security and cost-efficiency makes Sigma Multi DRM an attractive solution for content providers aiming to elevate their digital rights management capabilities.

How to Secure Your Educational Content with Multi-DRM Technology

How to Secure Your Educational Content with Multi-DRM Technology

Did you know that educational content theft and distribution on digital platforms are on the rise, impacting authors’ and learners’ rights? To combat this issue, effective copyright protection methods are essential. Thudo Multimedia offers a solution: Sigma Multi DRM. This advanced DRM solution is designed to safeguard educational material copyrights, providing peace of mind for authors and educators.

Join us as we explore the importance of protecting educational content and learn how Sigma Multi DRM can help. Let’s dive into the article below to find out more.

What is DRM in Education?

In the digital age, it’s crucial to protect educational content with DRM. Educational institutions are dealing with a significant increase in copyright theft, which not only affects their revenue but also puts their academic offerings at risk. This theft reduces the value of educational investments and hampers innovation in learning methods.

Digital Rights Management (DRM) technology acts as the protector of digital assets. It ensures that:

* Only authorized users can access educational materials

* Usage rights are clearly defined and enforced

* Content distribution happens within a secure framework

DRM is particularly important in the education sector because it helps maintain the quality and exclusivity of course materials while also ensuring compliance with privacy laws

E-learning is growing and becoming more popular

Introducing Sigma Multi DRM: Tailored for Education

Thudo Multimedia provides the Sigma Multi DRM solution, a system specifically designed to protect educational content.

DRM acts as a shield for these digital assets, ensuring that only authorized users can access the content, and usage rights are clearly defined and strictly enforced. This system guarantees secure content distribution and helps maintain compliance with privacy laws.

Sigma Multi DRM is a unique solution tailored to meet the specific needs of the education industry. It stands out by providing cross-platform protection, dynamic encryption, and key management. These features offer a strong defense against unauthorized access while ensuring seamless user experience that aligns perfectly with academic workflows.

With Sigma Multi DRM, educational providers are empowered to securely deliver content while retaining control over their intellectual properties. This innovative approach strengthens the overall value of educational investments and fosters innovation in learning methods.

Its compatibility with multiple devices and platforms enables Thudo Multimedia provides a robust solution to protect educational content through Sigma Multi SRM. 

The robust analytics provided by Sigma Multi DRM also offer valuable insights into content usage patterns, helping educational institutions make data-driven decisions to improve their offerings’ efficacy. Students and educators to access educational materials anytime, anywhere, promoting a flexible and inclusive learning environment.

In an era where digital content is vulnerable to piracy and misuse, Sigma Multi DRM emerges as a reliable solution that not only safeguards educational assets but also promotes a sustainable ecosystem for knowledge designed specifically to meet the unique needs of the education industry. 

With its innovative approach, Sigma Multi DRM empowers educational providers to securely deliver content and retain control over their intellectual property. This makes it an ideal solution for universities, e-learning platforms, and publishers who want to protect their valuable educational

Protect your Educational content
Protect your Educational content

Read more: eBook DRM: Protecting Publisher’s Content in the Digital Age

Amid the digital shift in the education sector, copyright theft has become a major problem. According to a report by the Global Piracy & Counterfeiting Consultants, unauthorized copying and distribution of educational materials could result in annual global losses of up to $25 billion

The Rise of Unauthorized Platforms

Educational content, such as textbooks and research articles, are increasingly being shared on platforms that do not have proper authorization. One notable example is the notorious website Sci-Hub, which hosted more than 85% of all scholarly articles. This unregulated sharing has negative effects on both teachers and students.

Impact on Educators

Teachers are heavily affected by this issue due to financial losses. Publishers put in a lot of effort and resources to create high-quality educational materials, but copyright theft undermines their investment. As a result, there is less motivation for publishers to continue producing top-notch resources. Additionally, authors may receive lower royalties, which can negatively impact their income.

The situation of theft of educational content on the internet is increasingly serious
The situation of theft of educational content on the internet is increasingly serious

Read more: Is your DRM solution really strong enough to fight piracy?

Consequences for Students

Students also suffer from copyright theft, albeit indirectly. Pirated educational materials often do not receive regular updates and may contain mistakes or missing information that are not present in authorized versions. This compromises the quality of their learning experiences as students might be studying outdated or incorrect information without realizing it.

The Broader Implications

Copyright theft is not just an economic problem; it poses a significant threat to the fundamental aspects of education—creating and sharing knowledge. It highlights the urgent need for strong measures like multi-DRM technology to protect intellectual property in education.

Benefits of Using Sigma Multi DRM for Educational Institutions

Sigma Multi DRM stands out in the world of digital rights management because it is specifically designed to meet the needs of educational institutions. It provides strong protection for content and precise control over who can access it, which is crucial in academic settings where intellectual property must be carefully managed.

Tailored Security and Access Control

  • Customizable Rights Management: Sigma Multi DRM allows educators to set specific viewing parameters, ensuring that only authorized students and staff can access the content.
  • Flexible Consumption Rules: Whether it’s time-based access or a limited number of views, Sigma Multi DRM provides the tools to enforce these rules effortlessly.

Real-world Applications

Several educational organizations have embraced Sigma Multi DRM, reaping its benefits:

  • Case Study: A Prominent University’s Online Course Platform
  • By integrating Sigma Multi DRM, the university was able to secure its online courses against unauthorized sharing. This preserved the value of their offerings and maintained exclusive access for enrolled students.
  • Case Study: Digital Textbook Publishing
  • An educational publisher implemented Sigma Multi DRM for their e-book collection. The solution successfully thwarted piracy attempts, enabling them to safeguard royalties for authors and maintain a sustainable business model.

Both scenarios demonstrate how Sigma Multi DRM addresses the complex challenges faced by educational institutions in protecting their content. By applying this sophisticated technology, they can deter copyright theft effectively while maintaining an educational environment conducive to learning and intellectual growth.

Read more: Overcoming Challenges with Thu Do Multimedia’s Solutions

Best Practices for Implementing a Robust DRM Strategy in Education

Implementing a robust DRM strategy in education requires careful consideration of several key factors.

1. Scalability

Scalability is arguably one of the most important aspects to consider. As educational institutions grow or change, their DRM solution should be able to scale with them. This includes the ability to handle increased data volume, more users, and expanding content libraries. Sigma Multi DRM, for example, is built with scalability in mind, allowing institutions to adjust the level of security as needed.

2. User Experience

Beyond scalability, user experience should not be overlooked. A DRM solution must be easy for both educators and students to use. This means it should integrate seamlessly into existing learning management systems and require minimal technical knowledge. The interface should also be intuitive, ensuring users can easily access and navigate protected content.

3. Holistic Approach

A holistic approach to DRM goes beyond mere technology. It should also include educational initiatives aimed at fostering a culture of respect for intellectual property rights. This can involve teaching students about copyright laws or incorporating lessons on digital citizenship into curricula.

Here are some best practices to consider when implementing a DRM strategy:

  1. Evaluate Your Needs: Understand your institution’s unique needs and challenges before choosing a DRM solution.
  2. Partner with Experts: Seek advice from DRM providers or consultants who have experience in the education sector.
  3. Test Before Implementation: Pilot the DRM solution with a small group before rolling it out institution-wide.
  4. Provide Training: Offer training sessions to both educators and students to ensure they understand how to use the system effectively.
  5. Monitor and Adjust: Regularly review the effectiveness of your DRM strategy and make necessary adjustments.

With these best practices in mind, educational institutions can implement a robust, efficient, and user-friendly DRM strategy that protects their valuable digital assets while promoting an ethos of respect for intellectual property rights.


Protecting educational content with multi-DRM technology is not just a technical necessity but an ethical imperative in preserving the integrity of educational resources. Sigma Multi DRM of Thudo Multimedia stands out as a sophisticated shield in this digital era, where copyright theft has become a pervasive challenge. By embracing such advanced solutions, educational institutions can enforce robust security measures effectively and seamlessly.

Sigma Multi DRM offers an armor for digital assets that is both resilient to infringement attempts and adaptive to the evolving needs of learners and educators. It is crucial for these institutions to not only understand the gravity of potential threats but also to take decisive action towards fortifying their content.

By implementing a DRM strategy that is comprehensive and considers factors like scalability and user experience, educational entities can ensure their content remains exclusive to legitimate users. This commitment to security reinforces the value of the content provided while nurturing a culture that respects intellectual property rights.

Securing Vietnam’s Film Industry: Copyright Protection and Innovative Solutions

Securing Vietnam’s Film Industry: Copyright Protection and Innovative Solutions

Amidst the 23rd Vietnam Film Festival in Da Lat, Lam Dong province, the morning of November 22 witnessed over 100 delegates participating in the seminar “Protecting Copyright in the Development of the Film Industry.” Organized by the Copyright Office under the Ministry of Culture, Sports, and Tourism, this event unfolded within the framework of the 23rd Vietnam Film Festival.

View of the conference. (Photo: Anh Vu/Sports & Culture Newspaper)

The seminar boasted the attendance of more than 100 representatives, including managers, filmmakers, directors, and actors nationwide. It served as a crucial platform for regulatory bodies to continue listening to the aspirations of creative minds in the film industry.

Building upon this foundation, discussions revolved around researching and proposing mechanisms, supportive policies, and refining legal frameworks. The aim was to create favorable conditions that act as incentives for the development of copyright protection, innovation, and creativity in the film industry, specifically, and copyright-dependent industries, in general.

Pham Thi Kim Oanh, Deputy Director of the Copyright Office, highlighted the ongoing copyright infringement challenges, especially in the realm of the internet, causing significant losses to film producers. To overcome this, Oanh emphasized the need for synchronized solutions such as refining legal documents concerning copyright protection, bolstering communication to enhance awareness, and leveraging information technology for effective copyright management and enforcement.

Director and film producer Luong Dinh Dung raised concerns about copyright infringement issues, particularly on online platforms, stressing the absence of stringent penalties for individuals and websites involved in such activities. Dung emphasized the importance of addressing this issue to nurture a robust domestic film environment.

Copyright protection in film industry development

Speaking at the seminar, Deputy Minister of Culture, Sports, and Tourism Doan Van Viet acknowledged the challenges posed by the digital environment in protecting copyrights. This seminar aimed to identify obstacles, propose solutions, and gradually improve the legal framework for copyright and related rights.

Statistics from the Ministry of Culture, Sports, and Tourism revealed substantial growth in Vietnam’s film industry from 2018 to 2022. Despite challenges, the industry demonstrated strong annual increases in production value, labor resources, and the number of active film-related businesses.

Box Office revenues for cinema releases in 2018 reached around 3,400 billion VND and surpassed 4,100 billion VND in 2019. The impact of COVID-19 led to a significant downturn in 2020, with total industry revenue reaching 750 billion VND. However, by 2022, the industry had successfully recovered, achieving approximately 70% of the 2019 figures.

Innovative Solutions Unveiled: Sigma Multi-DRM

During the symposium, representatives from Thudo Multimedia, notably Nguyen Ngoc Han, introduced a groundbreaking solution in the form of Sigma Multi-DRM, integrating artificial intelligence (AI) for copyright protection (commercially named Sigma Active Observer – SAO). This innovation empowers content owners and online content distribution platforms to safeguard copyright for their digital content.

Mr. Han Nguyen – CEO of Thudo Multimedia

According to Nguyen Ngoc Han, Sigma Multi-DRM comprises three layers of protection, certified by Catersian, a global organization specializing in the certification of security products. Thudo Multimedia is currently the only technology enterprise in Southeast Asia to receive this prestigious certification.

“With the Sigma Multi-DRM solution, Thudo Multimedia is ready to collaborate and support state management agencies and copyright owners. We aim to create a secure digital content environment, reducing the deployment time and financial costs compared to purchasing foreign technology,” affirmed Han.


Các hãng âm nhạc kiện nhà mạng vì không ngăn chặn vi phạm bản quyền nội dung số

Các hãng âm nhạc kiện nhà mạng vì không ngăn chặn vi phạm bản quyền nội dung số

Trở lại với câu chuyện 3 hãng thu âm hàng đầu thế giới bao gồm Arista Records, Sony Music Entertainment, Universal Music, và Warner Records nộp đơn kiện RCN – nhà cung cấp dịch vụ Internet tại Mỹ vì không có những động thái chống lại hành vi vi phạm bản quyền của các khách hàng sử dụng dịch vụ Internet. Hãng này đã tìm mọi cách thức để bảo vệ mình trong đó có tìm hiểu lý do DRM bị loại bỏ khỏi các bản nhạc.

DRM được dùng để ngăn người dùng chia sẻ trái phép các file nhạc trên iTunes. Về mặt lý thuyết, việc loại bỏ DRM sẽ khiến gia tăng số lượng hành vi vi phạm bản quyền. RCN trước đó đặt câu hỏi cho các hãng âm nhạc nói trên về hoạt động sử dụng DRM của các hãng này nhưng các hãng trả lời rằng họ không thể cung cấp các tài liệu theo yêu cầu. Vì vậy, nói chuyện trực tiếp với những người liên quan tới quyết định loại bỏ DRM là lựa chọn duy nhất còn lại.

Không liên quan tới DRM

Nhà cung cấp dịch vụ Internet cho rằng, bản thân các hãng có thể làm nhiều hơn để ngăn chặn hoạt động trái phép và rằng, loại bỏ DRM có thể dẫn đến kết quả không mong muốn. Tuy nhiên, các hãng âm nhạc không hề muốn chia sẻ những cái tên nào liên quan tới quyết định loại bỏ DRM.

Trong một lá thư gửi cho Toà án bang New Jersey, các hãng chỉ ra rằng, toàn bộ vấn đề về DRM không hề liên quan trong trường hợp này. Câu chuyện liên quan tới DRM diễn ra vào năm 2009, cách nhiều năm so thời điểm diễn ra các hoạt động vi phạm bản quyền trong vụ kiện hiện tại.

Bảo vệ bản quyền nội dung số
Bảo vệ bản quyền nội dung số

“RCN đang tìm kiếm những biện pháp được (hoặc không được) thực hiện vào năm 2009, 2 năm trước khi những vi phạm đầu tiên được xác định bởi các thông báo của Rightscorp – công ty quản lý bản quyền video, âm nhạc và trò chơi và 7 năm trước thời điểm các Nguyên đơn biết đến bất cứ vi phạm nào”.

“Vì thế, bất cứ quyết định nào các Nguyên đơn đưa ra liên quan tới DRM chỉ nên được giới hạn trong các sự kiện trước đây – điều không hề liên quan tới thất bại của RCN trong việc biện hộ” các hãng nói thêm.

Bên cạnh các tranh cãi nêu trên, các công ty âm nhạc cũng chỉ ra rằng, sau 13 năm, không thể tìm ra những ai liên quan tới quyết định từ bỏ DRM. Và ngay cả khi có thể, những người quan trọng nhất có thể không nhớ rõ điều gì diễn ra vào thời điểm đó.

Giờ đây, việc các hãng phải làm theo yêu cầu xác định những cá nhân liên quan sẽ phụ thuộc vào quyết định của toà án.


Hãy liên hệ ngay với Thủ Đô Multimedia để nhận được những tư vấn về giải pháp bảo vệ bản quyền nội dung số DRM – giải pháp bảo vệ bản quyền nội dung số chủ động.

DRM: Công cụ chủ động bảo vệ bản quyền nội dung số

DRM: Công cụ chủ động bảo vệ bản quyền nội dung số

Bảo vệ bản quyền nội dung số – Digital Rights Management (DRM) là phần mềm bảo vệ bản quyền chống lại nạn ăn cắp chất xám, giảm thiểu hoạt động sao chép không được phép và phân phối các phần mềm và phương tiện truyền thông số. DRM được dùng để bảo vệ phim ảnh, sách điện tử, nhạc số, tác phẩm nghệ thuật, và các thông tin quan trọng.

DRM là một công cụ hoàn toàn chủ động. Không thể chờ đợi việc bắt những kẻ vi phạm bản quyền, thay vào đó, công nghệ này tạo ra các rào cản trong việc sử dụng, thay đổi và phân phối nội dung số. Các chiến lược khác nhau bao gồm: mã xác thực, mật mã, giới hạn sao chép, chống giả mạo, khoá theo vùng miền, ngày hết hạn sử dụng, xác thực người dùng, kiểm soát thiết bị, và  theo dõi thiết bị.

Các giải pháp công nghệ DRM được sử dụng bởi các doanh nghiệp, các studio sáng tạo, các hãng sáng tạo nội dung, nhà xuất bản, các công ty công nghệ. DRM còn được biết đến với tên gọi Các công nghệ bảo vệ (Technological Protection Measures (TPM)).

Luồng hoạt động của hệ thống Sigma DRM
Luồng hoạt động của hệ thống Sigma DRM

Phần lớn người dùng không quan tâm tới bảo vệ bản quyền và bị động hoàn toàn khi nói về bảo vệ bản quyền kĩ thuật số. Chừng nào còn có thể truy cập nội dung họ thích, họ không bận tâm tới những chi tiết khác. Khi DRM được tích hợp trong các tệp tin, các công ty có thể “giao tiếp” với người dùng về những gì họ có thể hoặc không thể làm liên quan tới nội dung số.

Các nhà sản xuất video, âm nhạc và phim ảnh chi số tiền khổng lồ  để tạo ra các sản phẩm video với hi vọng rằng, họ sẽ có thể thu hồi khoản vốn khi sản phẩm lên sóng hoặc khi nó được stream hoặc phân phối trực tuyến (online). DRM đảm bảo rằng, chỉ những người dùng trả phí mới có thể xem phim hoặc video. Nó cũng đảm bảo rằng video chỉ có thể truy cập từ một nhóm khán giả nhất định. Ví dụ, các video có nội dung người lớn chỉ có thể được tiếp cận bởi những người xác thực được độ tuổi hợp pháp.

Công cụ DRM có thể giúp các công ty kiểm soát quyền truy cập các thông tin mật. Khi sử dụng trong mảng này, nó có thể giúp xác định và điều tra hoạt động sử dụng trái phép và các điểm “gây thất thoát”.

Blockchain, công nghệ sử dụng mật mã để bảo mật một tài sản số phân tán, là một công nghệ mới nổi gần đây trong bảo vệ bản quyền nội dung số. Nó được dùng để bảo mật NFT (Non-Fungible Tokens – mật mã không thể thay thế), chỉ có duy nhất, tài sản số có thể xác thực như tác phẩm nghệ thuật, ảnh gifs, video, thẻ trading, và âm nhạc.

Rất nhiều các phần mềm quản lý tài sản số bao gồm tính năng DRM trong các gói giao dịch nhằm đảm bảo tài sản được phân phối một cách an toàn.